For ideas on how to incorporate The Three Sisters and The Birch Bark Canoe videos into your curriculum download the books in PDF format: The Three Sisters: Renewing The World and The Birch Bark Canoe: Navigating The New World.


For a more philosophical look at the issues:

Suggested Readings

Glen Aikenhead –

AERC (University of Saskatchewan Aboriginal Education Research Centre & First Nations’ Adult and Higher Education Consortium, Calgary, AB). (2008). Aboriginal Student Achievement and Positive Learning Outcomes in Canadian Schools: Promising Practices. Retrieved August 18, 2010 from

Aikenhead, Glen. (2006). Science and Technology Education from Different Cultural Perspectives (IOSTE 2006, Penang, Malaysia).

Aikenhead, G. (2002). Whose Scientific Knowledge? The Colonizer and the Colonized. Counterpoints, 210, 151-166. Retrieved from

Aikenhead, Glen. (1996). Towards a First Nations Cross-Cultural Science and Technology Curriculum for Economic Development, Environmental Responsibility, and Cultural Survival (IOSTE 1996).

Buchtmann, L. (2000). Digital Songlines: the Use of Modern Communication Technology by an Aboriginal community in Remote Australia. Prometheus. 18(l). 59-74. doi:10.1080/081 09020050000663. f78/88)

Clark, B. & Wallace, J. (2005). Geographic issues of the 21st century. Don Mills, ON: Pearson Education Canada.

Dei, G.J.S. & Doyle-Wood, S. (2006). Is we who haffi ride di Staam: Critical knowledge/multiple knowings-possibilities, challenges, and resistance in curriculum/cultural contexts. In Yatta Kanu (Ed.), Curriculum as cultural   practice: Postcolonial imaginations, (pp. 151-180). Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Ereaux, Jim. (1998). The Impact of Technology on Salish Kootenai College. Wicazo SA Review. Fall 1998.

Fleer, M. (1997). Science, technology and culture: Supporting multiple world views in curriculum design. Australian Science Teachers Journal. 43(3). 13. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database. (85/88)

James, K. (2001). Science and Native American Communities: Legacies of Pain, Visions of Promise (1 ed.). Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press.

Kincheloe, J. L. (2006). Critical ontology and indigenous ways of being: Forging a postcolonial curriculum. In Yatta Kanu (Ed.), Curriculum as cultural practice: Postcolonial imaginations, (pp. 151-180). Toronto, ON: University of  Toronto Press.

Lawrence M., F. (1993. September 19). Technology; The Tools of a New Art Form. New York Times, p. 7. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database. (87/88)

Mander, J. (1992). In the Absence of the Sacred: The Failure of Technology and the Survival of the Indian Nations. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.

Mander, J., & Tauli-Corpuz, V. (2006). Paradigm Wars: Indigenous Peoples’ Resistance to Globalization (1 ed.). San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.

McLoughlin, C. (1999). Culturally responsive technology use: developing an on-line community of learners. British Journal of Educational Technology, 30(3). 231. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database. (79/88)

MEY (Manitoba Education and Youth). (2003). Integrating Aboriginal Perspectives into Curricula.    Winnipeg: Manitoba Education and Youth: School Programs Division.

Muecke, S., & Roe, P. (1991, January). Words from the Other Side. Social Alternatives, pp.2T-28. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database. (88/88)

Pacey, A. (1985). The Culture of Technology. London: The MIT Press.

Pacey, A. (2001). Meaning in Technology (New Ed ed.). London: The Mit Press.

Rycroft, S. (2003). Mapping underground London: the cultural politics of nature. technology and humanity. Cultural Geographies. 10(1), 84-111. doi:10.1I91I1474474003eu263oa. (70/88).

Thiessen, Y., & Looker, E. (2oos). Cultural Centrality And Information And Communication Technology Among Canadian Youth. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 33(.2′). 311-336. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database., (22/88)

Thompson, Dawn. (1995). Technologies of Ethnicity. Essays on Canadian Writing. Toronto: Winter 1995, 67(51-67).

Two Horses, Michael. (1998). Gathering Around the Electronic Fire: Persistence and Resistance in Electronic Formats. Wicazo SA Review. Fall 1998.

Yunkaporta,T., & McGinty, S. (2009). Reclaiming Aboriginal Knowledge at the Cultural Interface. Australian Educational Researcher. 36(2).55-72. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.

Report: Travelling Through Layers: Inuit Artists Appropriate New Technologies. Canadian Journal of Communication, Vol. 31. No. 1. 2006, pp. 239-246.

Inuit Cyberspace: The Struggle for Access for Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit. Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol.43, No.2, Spring, 2009,pp.220-249,263.

Northern Disconnect: Information Communications Technology Needs Assessment for Aboriginal Communities in Manitoba Native Studies Review, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2003, pp. 43-69.

Identity, Cultural Values, and American Indians’ Perceptions of Science and Technology. American Indian Culture and Research Journal, Vol. 30, No. 3, 2006. pp. 45-58.